in RIA Executive Summaries

Ecological Models of Alcohol Outlets and Violent Assaults: Crime Potentials and Geospatial Analysis
To get a better understanding of violent crime “attractors”, this paper takes a look at how alcohol outlets like bars and liquor stores impact the surrounding area in respect to violent crime.
Background:
 Multiple research papers have shown that there is an increase in interpersonal violence around locations of alcohol outlets.
 Bars are often located in community areas with less guardianship (e.g. retail areas) and offer opportunities for social interactions that may lead to violence.
 Greater population densities in surrounding areas and greater levels of impoverishment among these populations appear related to greater rates of violence in neighborhoods in which bars are located.
 This study considers all hospital discharges related to an assault event among California residents that resulted in an overnight stay at the primary measure of violence for this study.